pretreatment of refractory ores in gold leaching process congo

pretreatment of refractory ores in gold leaching process congo

(PDF) Bacterial Leaching as a Pre-treatment Step for Gold ...

Bio-leaching is a cost effective, efficient, safe, and. environmentally friendly way to treat refractory gold concentrates and ores. Compared. to roasting, bio-leaching can generally reduce ...

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Refractory Gold Ore Treatment Methods

2016-7-14  Metallurgical ContentGold Leaching Processing of Arsenic OreMispickel (Arsenopyrite: FeAsS).6Leaching and Recovering Gold from Antimony MineralsStibnite (Antimony Sulphide, Sb2S2)Telluride Gold Ore ProcessingSolubility of TelluridesGold Extraction from Carbonaceous OreList Gold Refractory Process Methods Where gold

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BACTERIAL LEACHING AS A PRE-TREATMENT STEP FOR

2005-1-28  Stirred reactor bio-leaching process An important feature of bio-leaching as applied to refractory gold ores is the distinction that can be exploited between the relative reaction rates of gold-bearing sulphides. Unlike roasting and pressure leaching, which achieve rapid and total sulphide oxidation, bio-leaching is rather a slowly process. If ...

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MODELING OF HIGH PRESSURE PRETREATMENT

2018-10-22  Keywords: pretreatment process, pressure oxidation, refractory gold ore and concentrate, leaching, modeling Investigation of high pressure pretreatment process for gold leaching is the objective of the present master's thesis. The gold ores and concentrates which cannot be easily treated by leaching process are called "refractory".

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Effect of Pretreatment of Sulfide Refractory Concentrate ...

2013-12-24  For extraction of gold from refractory ores or concen- trate, in which gold is surrounded or covered by iron sul- fide minerals, mainly arsenopyrite and pyrite, mineral oxidative pretreatment is essential to oxidize sulfides and to expose gold to the leaching solution. Pyrometallurgi- cal oxidation by roasting is under environmental restric-

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(PDF) Application of Diagnostic Leaching Technique for ...

Application of Diagnostic Leaching Technique for Refractory Gold Ores. Ibrahim Alp. Related Papers. Evaluation of Refractory Behaviour of Kaletaş (Turkey) Gold Ore. ... Improved gold and silver extraction from a refractory antimony ore by pretreatment with alkaline sulphide leach.

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Gold Leaching from Refractory Ores—Literature Survey ...

2007-4-27  However, pretreatment processes involving thermal oxidation, such as roasting, chemical oxidation, such as acid leaching, acid or alkaline pressure leaching; or biological oxidation such as bioleaching with T. Ferrooxidans liberates gold from refractory minerals. Gold is then recovered from the oxidized mass by alkaline cyanidation.

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Effect of Oxidative Pretreatment and Lead Nitrate Addition ...

2019-11-1  Cyanidation is the main process in gold leaching. There are several parameters that affect gold recovery and cyanide consumption. In this paper, the effect of the oxidative pretreatment and lead nitrate addition on the cyanidation of Zarshuran refractory gold ore containing 3.32 ppm Au, 1.09% As, and 0.5% sulfur were investigated. Au recovery was increased from 79.4% to 89.4% in the presence ...

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Treatment of Refractory Gold Ores SpringerLink

Abstract. Problem ores that yield low (say less than 80%) gold recovery by cyanidation when “normally ground” are defined as refractory. The term, as well as the technical methods used to treat such ores, are relatively new. Rose and Newman’s very comprehensive book, The Metallurgy of Gold, does not even contain the term refractory in its ...

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COMPARISON OF CYANIDE AND THIOSULPHATE

2016-3-20  Before leaching the gold, ore must be crushed and grinded into small particles, usually particle size varies between 30 and 180 μm. Free milling ores are ready for leaching after crushing and grinding whereas refractory ores need pretreatment. It is important to pretreat a refractory ore before leaching to achieve better gold extraction.

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Treatment of copper-rich gold ore by cyanide leaching ...

Ammonia pretreatment is shown to readily eliminate the copper interference, allowing almost complete extraction of gold with concomitantly low reagent consumption in subsequent cyanide leaching. In ammoniacal cyanide system, Box-Behnken experimental design shows the main and interaction effects of NH 3 , NaCN and Pb(NO 3 ) 2 .

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CYANIDE LEACHING BEHAVIOR OF AN ARSENIC RICH

REFRACTORY GOLD ORE Büyüktanır, Karden M.S., Department of Mining Engineering Supervisor: Assoc. Prof. Dr. N. Emre Altun February 2017, 113 pages In this work, the possibility of gold extraction using cyanide leaching from a refractory type gold ore, particularly rich in arsenic minerals of realgar and orpiment, was assessed.

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pretreatment of refractory ores in gold leaching process

Pretreatment Process on Refractory Gold Ores . The process of crushing or decomposition before gold leaching is called pretreatment of refractory gold Statistics show that, in the world, about 2/3 gold resource belongs to the difficult processing ores, and about 1/3 total output of world gold is produced from refractory gold

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(PDF) Bacterial Leaching as a Pre-treatment Step for Gold ...

Bio-leaching is a cost effective, efficient, safe, and. environmentally friendly way to treat refractory gold concentrates and ores. Compared. to roasting, bio-leaching can generally reduce ...

More

Potential pre-treatment and processing routes for

2021-3-11  conventional leaching process. The gold ores that contain As must be crushed in order to expose the gold for leaching with an appropriate gold leaching agent (Yanget al, (2008); Zhou et al, 2009) In order to maintain the sustainable use of gold resources, effective pre- treatment and processing of complex gold ores is urgently required.

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Microbial Pretreatment of Refractory Gold Ore - Xinhai

2016-3-28  Microbial Pretreatment of Refractory Gold Ore. 2016-03-28 17:59:31 XinHai (2007) For coarse grain size of gold after crushing and grinding by flotation, gravity concentration, cyanide leaching process or several process combined treatment will be able to complete the separation of gold and gangue minerals, but there are some curing refractory ...

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Effect of Pretreatment of Sulfide Refractory Concentrate ...

2013-12-24  For extraction of gold from refractory ores or concen- trate, in which gold is surrounded or covered by iron sul- fide minerals, mainly arsenopyrite and pyrite, mineral oxidative pretreatment is essential to oxidize sulfides and to expose gold to the leaching solution. Pyrometallurgi- cal oxidation by roasting is under environmental restric-

More

(PDF) Application of Diagnostic Leaching Technique for ...

Application of Diagnostic Leaching Technique for Refractory Gold Ores. Ibrahim Alp. Related Papers. Evaluation of Refractory Behaviour of Kaletaş (Turkey) Gold Ore. ... Improved gold and silver extraction from a refractory antimony ore by pretreatment with alkaline sulphide leach.

More

Gold Leaching from Refractory Ores—Literature Survey ...

2007-4-27  However, pretreatment processes involving thermal oxidation, such as roasting, chemical oxidation, such as acid leaching, acid or alkaline pressure leaching; or biological oxidation such as bioleaching with T. Ferrooxidans liberates gold from refractory minerals. Gold is then recovered from the oxidized mass by alkaline cyanidation.

More

A two-stage bacterial pretreatment process for double ...

2021-8-30  A two-stage bacterial pretreatment process for double refractory gold ores R.K. Amankwah a,*, W.-T. Yen a, J.A. Ramsay b a Mining Engineering Department, Queen’s University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada K7L 3N6 b Chemical Engineering Department, Queen’s University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada K7L 3N6 Received 7 April 2004; accepted 11 May 2004 Abstract Double refractory gold

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Recovery of gold from refractory gold ores: Effect of ...

2020-5-28  The extraction of gold from refractory gold ores (RGOs) without side reactions is an extremely promising endeavor. However, most RGOs contain large amounts of sulfide, such as pyrite. Thus, investigation of the influence of sulfide on the gold leaching process is important to maximize the utilization of RGOs. In this work, the effects of pyrite on the stability of the thiourea system were ...

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(PDF) Refractory gold-bearing ores: a review of treatment ...

Hydrometallurgy, 34 (1994) 383-395 383 Elsevier Science B.V., A m s t e r d a m Refractory gold-bearing ores: a review of treatment methods and recent advances in biotechnological techniques Nieves Iglesias and Francisco Carranza Chemical Engineering Department, Universityof Sevilla, 41012 Sevilla, Spain (Received January 10, 1993; revised version accepted March 16, 1993) ABSTRACT The problem ...

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Improvement of Gold Leaching from a Refractory Gold ...

A total gold extraction of 70.2% could only be reached via direct cyanidation from a refractory As-, S- and C-bearing gold concentrate calcine, and the gold extraction varied noticeably with different size fractions. The reasons for unsatisfactory gold extraction from the calcine were studied through analyses of chemical composition, chemical phase and SEM-EDS of different sizes of particles.

More

pretreatment of refractory ores in gold leaching process

Pretreatment Process on Refractory Gold Ores . The process of crushing or decomposition before gold leaching is called pretreatment of refractory gold Statistics show that, in the world, about 2/3 gold resource belongs to the difficult processing ores, and about 1/3 total output of world gold is produced from refractory gold

More

Microbial Pretreatment of Refractory Gold Ore - Xinhai

2016-3-28  Microbial Pretreatment of Refractory Gold Ore. 2016-03-28 17:59:31 XinHai (2007) For coarse grain size of gold after crushing and grinding by flotation, gravity concentration, cyanide leaching process or several process combined treatment will be able to complete the separation of gold and gangue minerals, but there are some curing refractory ...

More

Potential pre-treatment and processing routes for

2021-3-11  conventional leaching process. The gold ores that contain As must be crushed in order to expose the gold for leaching with an appropriate gold leaching agent (Yanget al, (2008); Zhou et al, 2009) In order to maintain the sustainable use of gold resources, effective pre- treatment and processing of complex gold ores is urgently required.

More

Effect of Pretreatment of Sulfide Refractory Concentrate ...

2013-12-24  For extraction of gold from refractory ores or concen- trate, in which gold is surrounded or covered by iron sul- fide minerals, mainly arsenopyrite and pyrite, mineral oxidative pretreatment is essential to oxidize sulfides and to expose gold to the leaching solution. Pyrometallurgi- cal oxidation by roasting is under environmental restric-

More

Options to Treat Refractory Ores - Albion Process

2017-12-21  leaching circuits, even when the ore is finely ground. The cause of low gold recoveries can be either through the presence of naturally occurring ‘preg robbing’ carbonaceous materials or gold physically ‘locked’ in sulphide minerals. The majority of gold ores are classified refractory because the gold mineralogy is contained in sulphides.

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(PDF) Application of Diagnostic Leaching Technique for ...

Application of Diagnostic Leaching Technique for Refractory Gold Ores. Ibrahim Alp. Related Papers. Evaluation of Refractory Behaviour of Kaletaş (Turkey) Gold Ore. ... Improved gold and silver extraction from a refractory antimony ore by pretreatment with alkaline sulphide leach.

More

METHOD FOR PRE-TREATMENT OF GOLD-BEARING OXIDE

2014-5-28  An example of a thiosulfate leaching process for precious metal-containing materials is shown in . US 7,544,232. Some oxide ores may be refractory in nature. They neither yield sufficient gold leaching in a thiosulfate leach system nor are leached as effectively compared to cyanide. Thiosulfate gold extraction from some oxide ores can be minimal.

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280 RECENT ADVANCES IN THE TREATMENT OF

2015-8-6  oxidation as a pretreatment method for refractory gold ores has been published by Berezowsky and Weir (6). According to them, the first patent on the use of pressure leaching for preoxidation of arsenical gold ores was granted to the Chemical Construction Company (Chemico) in

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Developments in Gold Leaching: A Literature Survey ...

2018-6-13  Even the traditional cyanidation process has been modified during the course of time to make it more economical and efficient. Developments such as heap leaching, in-situ leaching, carbon-in-pulp (CIP), carbon-in-leach (CIL) resin-in-pulp (RIP), and pretreatment of refractory ores have already made an impact on gold industries.

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Improvement of Gold Leaching from a Refractory Gold ...

A total gold extraction of 70.2% could only be reached via direct cyanidation from a refractory As-, S- and C-bearing gold concentrate calcine, and the gold extraction varied noticeably with different size fractions. The reasons for unsatisfactory gold extraction from the calcine were studied through analyses of chemical composition, chemical phase and SEM-EDS of different sizes of particles.

More

Optimizing the alkaline oxidation pretreatment of a ...

2018-9-28  This study investigates the alkaline oxidation pretreatment process of Zarshuran refractory gold ore. Taguchi method-orthogonal array design (OAD) is applied to evaluate and optimize the influence of five main factors including solution pH, aeration rate,

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Refractory gold ores: Challenges and opportunities for a ...

2021-3-23  Gold miners are facing a reserves crisis, and what is left in the ground is becoming more and more challenging to process.Refractory gold reserves, which require more sophisticated treatment methods in order to achieve oxide-ore recovery rates, correspond to 24 percent of current gold reserves and 22 percent of gold

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